Harvesting Aronia berries has at least three ways to harvest. These are manual harvesting, machine harvesting and seed harvesting. Each of them is discussed in this article and the cost is associated with each method.
Manual harvesting provides more accurate selection and better tries to better pick berries. Mechanical combines enable a more efficient, often more cost-effective process. Mechanical harvesting is well suited for large Aronia berries planted on a flat landfill. The type of manual picking, mechanical harvesting or the combination of two is influenced by several factors
For manual harvesting, from a business perspective, a workpiece system has two advantages over the hourly payload system. First, the workpiece predetermines the unit cost for the worker who works. Secondly, the workpiece system does not require close and constant monitoring of employee productivity. This means that employees need independent motivation. While a flat hourly or payroll system guarantees fixed interest income, it also eliminates the possibility for a worker to search for more than the hourly rate specified. Moreover, one hour wage system removes productivity incentives, employers may be in a disadvantage if employees' performance is lower than the more effective voter. One-hour wage system requires close monitoring of workers' efforts
The following example assumes that 700 bushes are planted per hectare, averaging 20 pounds of berries / bushes. The absorption rate is 16.1 pounds per hour, and an hourly wage is $ 8.00. You can use the numbers for the operations. The worksheet allows you to calculate the cost of manual crops if you pay the bonuses one pound. According to these assumptions, the harvesting of one hectare berry requires 870 hours of work at $ 8.00 per hour. The cost of manual harvesting (870 hours × 8.00 / hour) is $ 6957 per hectare.
a. Aronia berry bushes – 700 bushes
b. Yield per bush – 20 lbs
c. Settling rate – 16.1 pounds per hour
d. A Pound Workforce – $ 0.50 $ / lb
Total production is × b = 14,000 pounds
Hour (× b) / c = 870 hours
Total cost (a × b) × d = $ 6957 dollars
Cost per bush (b × d) = $ 9.94 dollars
Hourly payment (c × d) = $ 8.00 dollars
Number of collectors per week ((a × b) / c) / 40 = 22 collectors
Thus, a $ 14,000 pound harvest would be US $ 1.00 per hand. With a $ 14,000 gross purchase price of $ 6957, the net profit will be $ 7043 / hectare, excluding other production costs. 10 hectares net $ 70,430.
Machine costs have two categories: ownership costs (or fixed costs) and operating costs (or variable costs). Ownership costs include the costs of the equipment, which are fixed costs, regardless of how much (or so few) the machine is using. Other related costs include repairs, housing costs, depreciation, interest and insurance. Various operating costs associated with the use of the machine and depending on how much you use the machine will vary. Operating costs include costs for equipment, fuel, lubrication and other equipment.
Cost of Ownership
It is possible to purchase a meat cooler for $ 30,000.
Belts, Pulleys, Engines, etc. Estimates of your costs cost $ 200 a year. Both maintenance and repairs have to be counted. The proposed amount is 8% of the purchase price, or $ 2400 over the 20-year period.
Housing Cost is estimated to be $ 500 per year. You may have a storage space on your farm.
As the collector is used rarely and on a small amount of land, the useful life of the equipment can be around 20 years after which no market value exists. With these assumptions, depreciation costs can be calculated ($ 30,000 / 20 years) = $ 1500 / year
When borrowing money, the borrowing costs must be taken into account. The interest rate should be included in the cost calculation. Even if you buy your own equipment for purchasing equipment, you need to determine what to earn money elsewhere. Since the decrease in the value of a machine (due to depreciation) is the usual method of calculating interest costs in the life of the machine, in this case the average of $ 15,000. Provided that the 6% interest rate and average interest rate is 15,000 × 0,06 = $ 900 per year
You must provide the new aronia berry harvester. Estimates of insurance costs are often about $ 10, worth $ 1,000. For a $ 30,000 berry, $ 300 a year. Your current insurance coverage may be enough to cover new purchases
Total Ownership Costs $ 1500 + $ 200 + $ 500 + $ 900 + 300 = $ 3,400.00 per Year
Total Cost of Ownership (per Year) = $ 3,400
Manual variable cost per hectare – Machine variable cost per hectare of $ 3400.00 per hectare- $ 6957 / acre = $ 3557 additional cost for hand harvesting per hectare as machine harvested. 3400/6957 = 0.49%
Thus, it is economical for more than 0.5 hectares of machine harvesting.
3400/6957 = 0.49%
Thus, a 14,000-pound harvest for machine harvest would cost $ 1.00 per dollar. $ 14,000 gross, at a cost of $ 3,400, the net profit would be $ 10,600 / well, excluding other production costs. 10 hectares net $ 106,000.
You Pick Operations
One way to help control the costs is to have a "pick" berry functioning. Choosing is not as popular as selecting blueberries because aronia berries are bitter and need to be made from fruit juices, jams and other products.
The marketing of Aronia berries is a fundraiser for schools and church youth groups in certain operations. This is a good way to market Aronia berries. This eliminates the cost of manual harvesting. Marketing aronia berries as fundraisers of schools and ecclesiastical youth groups also provide opportunities to teach people the health benefits of aronia berries. This method can increase your profits and make small businesses profitable.
For tonnage of Aronia plants, the tonnage is the most favorable. As a temporary measure, you can make pick operations profitable. For commercial operations, not only mechanical harvesting is the most useful but essential. Large areas are also needed to attract large buyers to produce fruit juices. Large-scale areas should also be profitable and competitive as Europe has thousands of hectares of ares and is marketed in the United States at extremely competitive prices.
Source by sbobet