Although there are so many systems of pig production as individual farms, they can be divided into two main types: indoor or outdoor pork production.
Pig farms are relatively small, tight, often with some climate change, often with liquid nutrition systems and (increasingly) "high health" systems, often termed "factory" or "intensive" production
Pig breeding pigs (sows and litters), which are free to fall for a period of two or three years using "arks" and electrical fences. More than one third of the United Kingdom's stock is being held today, more and more pigs
Both systems have "pros" and "disadvantages": let's start by examining both of their positive qualities.
In the interior, environmental control has the advantage: piglets can be born and can rise at the right temperature ure; adult animals are cool in summer and warmer in winter – they do not have the chance to sunbathe; and the occurrence of airflow, especially drafts, which adversely affects the health of pigs. You can also check the intake of stored pigs and better reduce the amount of waste (this is an important addition to feed increase in the days) – Computer controlled feeding methods are easy to install, such as automatic seed dispensers and liquid nutrition for fattening Stock. Indoor farms are more productive than outdoors as they are able to regulate feed and the environment – it is possible to gain greater control and measurement and thus control many variables in the indoor environment. It is also possible to create and maintain a high level of healthcare that significantly reduces the risk and the challenges of the disease.
In the open, however, there are many reduced capital charges, lower operating costs and effective marketing benefits, these days, "free food", "outdoor breeding" and even "ecological" influence consumers who are at such an environmentally-friendly premium price you can win. This is a better natural prosperity of the outdoor pig (more natural, better able to express the term "domestic pig"). Finally, pigs "crack" "cleaning" and fertilizing
Great advantage, but what about the disadvantage?
Indoors, the cost of building is three times higher (one per house) than an outdoor unit. the high and the slurry can be a problem (though the plowmen welcome and enter the soil) and of course they have significant costs: the high population density of the intensive economy also has its own problems: the fire can reach the herd and the smell it can be offensive, especially on hot days, welfare considerations are very important – it's easier to get into the law than outside (stocking density and enrichment of the environment come to mind).
The biggest problem in the outdoors is lower productivity and extreme weather (I saw the freezing of water at my outdoor unit when coming from a four-inch valve in a winter). Quality staff is an increasing problem – not every day outside is not necessarily idyllic. Sprouting pests and the state of health of the herd are also a potential problem, just as the feed stock should be kept free (appetite management, feed conversion, growth rate and feed utilization will be a major challenge that can justify a healthy premium).
There it is. "Swings and circles" as they say – "six and a half dozen on the other". Perhaps the best compromise – well-designed buildings and slurry management systems, fatty pigs fed by pipeline (for example, using milk processing waste), loose houses and many straw. Introduce high-level welfare services such as Electronic Sow Feeders and many enrichment environments and maintain a high level of health, you may be the best in both worlds. It is a sure thing that pigs will be as sad as snowy, icy, wet and windy days, and feel like we, drafts and high temperatures are both uncomfortable
Source by sbobet