Researchers have been looking for all possible alternative energy sources in the past, largely due to the world's energy crisis and the state of the environment. The top of the list means replacing conventional fossil fuels with alternative and renewable energy sources.
The most important player in the fuel substitute is biomass fuels. Biomass fuels are of organic plant origin. Ethanol based biofuels are extracted from maize. Biodiesel is mainly made from vegetable oils and fats. Jatropha oil from the seeds of the Jatropha plant was also used for the production of biofuels. The list includes cellulose biofuel.
Cellulose biofuel is very revolutionary in biofuels; This is because it is non-plant-like, such as Jatropha, and both live and dead organically grown crops and not specifically produced for the production of cellulose biofuels, such as ethanol maize.
The carbon content of cellulose makes the biofuel a good candidate. Cellulose is the most widespread carbon form present in biomass and ca. 50% of it. Cellulose is found in most plant material, without the need for land or irrigation water that is attractive to cellulose biofuels.
Cellulose is a polysaccharide consisting of six carbon-carbon polymers. Thanks to its composition and abundance, cellulose biofuel is an attractive potential for massive biofuel production.
NASA researchers continue to investigate cellulose biofuel as a viable fuel source. Research more effective methods for converting cellulose into sugar. After the cellulose is transformed into a sugar-based form, it can be used for other purposes such as chemicals, foodstuffs and cellulose biofuels.
However, the transition to sugar requires around 50 hours to complete the process. It takes labor costs and energy to conceal and see how it can become. Over time, higher production costs are high. If you reduce this process for 5 hours, you see that cellulose biofuels are cost-effective to be competitive on the global market.
What scientists want to hope for is the refining of the process that results in the easier production of complex sugars from cellulose. Because plant cell walls are by their nature robust and aligned with the elements, it makes it difficult to break down and subtract. Researchers hope to ease extraction with plant cell wall design.
Another phase of the production of cellulose biofuels is improving the efficiency of the enzyme. It is designed to imitate an animal's enzyme behavior that is most effective in degrading cell walls, such as cows and sheep, such as herbivores, who believe that the most important is the cost-effective use of cellulose biofuels.
Some of the things we can do to protect ourselves from rising oil prices is to keep what we enjoy now to use less and change our energy consumption patterns. We need to look at alternative energy sources when they become available to us. If they do, cellulose biofuels can be marketed for up to 5 years.
Source by sbobet